Treatment of this cancer depends on the type and stage of cancer. The age, health, and personal preference will also weigh in on the treatment decision.

Bladder Cancer Treatment

It is important to think carefully about the best treatment option to be administered. Nevertheless, you will be able to weigh the benefits of different treatment options against the possible side effects and risks. (1)

Some of the treatment options for bladder cancer include:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Intravesical therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Precision medicine

It is also important to have specialized doctors in your team cancer care team before the commencement of any treatment, and these specialists may include are:

  • Radiation oncologists: Doctors who treat cancer with radiation therapy
  • Urologists: On the other hand, urologists are doctors that specialize who treat diseases of the urinary system and male reproductive system
  • Medical oncologists: Lastly, they are doctors who treat cancer with medicines which include chemotherapy and immunotherapy

You might also consider having other specialists alongside your doctors during treatment. These may also include a team of nurse practitioners (NPs), psychologists, physician assistants (Pas), rehabilitation specialists, social workers, nurses, nutrition specialists and other health professionals.

Surgery

Surgery is the primary bladder cancer treatment option done when the cancer is identified at an advanced stage. It is, however, less applicable if the cancer has metastasized to the rest of the body or has attached itself to the body’s main blood vessels. Radical cystectomy which is the removal of the entire bladder is also important in avoiding the spread of cancer. (2)

Radiotherapy Or Radiation Oncology

On the other hand, this treatment involves the use of high-energy rays to eliminate the cancerous cells. Furthermore, the most common type is external-beam radiotherapy. Radiation Oncology consists of a specified number of procedures performed over a particular time frame.

Chemotherapy

This process utilizes anti-cancer medication which enters the circulatory blood system and spread to affected areas destroying cancerous cells by eliminating their ability to grow and spread.

The amount and type of treatment that a cancer patient will have depend on several elements. Furthermore, the kind of cancer diagnosed by the doctor or oncologist, the extent of cancer (stage) and the age of the patient combined with their overall health and personal preference. Nevertheless, it is important to talk to the doctor or the health management team about all these issues before settling on a treatment decision. (3)

Targeted Therapy

This is a type of therapy of cancer which targets the changes in cancer cells that facilitate their growth, division, and spread. The most common and main types of cancer treatments are surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. However, these are just some of the many treatment options available for cancer patients.

A detailed understanding of this treatment helps one make an informed decision on the right steps to make. Furthermore, a cancer treatment relies on one’s current situation in that certain types of cancers will respond positively to particular methods of treatment. A person’s lifestyle and the cancer’s location will also influence the best treatment plan.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a type of treatment that uses one’s immune system to help fight cancer.

Precision Medicine

On the other hand, this is an approach to a cancer care that allows doctors to select treatments that are most likely to help the patient based on a genetic understanding of their disease.

Complementary Or Alternative Methods

Experts apply complementary methods alongside other treatments; meanwhile, alternative methods are used instead of the prescribed cancer treatment options.

It is also important to have team doctors who are specialized in different fields to get involved in your cancer care before the commencement of treatment.

References