Bone Cancer Surgery

A common cancer treatment option for bone cancer, surgery involves removal of the tumor and where possible, part of the bone tissue surrounding the affected area( wide-excision). However, if doctors do not remove the traces of the tumor may continue to develop and ultimately spread. Thus, after the surgery, the pathologist will examine the tissue samples that he has taken under a microscope to determine whether they have any traces of cancer cells.

If he or she confirms that the tissues are cancerous, the patient will receive more tests and treatments until the doctor can confidently say that the patient is now cancer-free. In some cases, amputation or removal of the entire limb that has cancer is necessary to ensure the eradication of all traces of cancer.

However, there are cases where surgical intercession may occur without the removal of the entire limb. This is known as limb-sparing surgery or limb salvage surgery. With this type of surgery, doctors will take and graft a bone segment from another part of the body on the affected area. If applicable, the surgeon may also implant artificial bones as a replacement of the cancerous bones.

Radiation Therapy

Also referred to as radiotherapy or radiation oncology, it involves using high-energy X-rays or radiation particles to eradicate cancer cells. It works by destroying the DNA of the cells inside the tumor thereby ruining their ability to regenerate or multiple. Additionally, radiotherapy is usually used with other types of treatment.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves the use of anticancer medication to destroy the cancer cells. The procedure is also frequently used for the treatment of Ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma. It works by entering the bloodstream and spreading to reach and eliminate the cancer cells all over the body.

Furthermore, for patients with bone cancer, it is crucial to discuss all treatment options, goals and possible with the doctor before making a decision

Additional Info On Cancer Treatment

The amount and type of therapy that a cancer patient will have depend on several elements, for instance, type of cancer diagnosed by the doctor or oncologist, the extent of cancer (stage) and the age of the patient combined with their overall health and personal preference.

It is important to talk to the doctor or the health management team about all these issues before settling on a treatment decision. The most shared and main types of cancer treatments are surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. However, these are just some of the many treatment options available for cancer patients.

A detailed understanding of this procedures helps one make an informed decision on the right steps to make. A cancer treatment also relies on one’s current situation in that certain types of cancers will respond positively to particular methods of treatment. A person’s lifestyle and cancer’s location will also influence the best treatment plan.

References

Treating Bone Cancer. (n.d.). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/bone-cancer/treating.html

Cancer.Net. (n.d.). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/bone-cancer/treatment-options

CANCER RESEARCH UK. (n.d.). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/secondary-cancer/secondary-bone-cancer/treatment

Bone Cancer Treatment. (n.d.). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from https://www.mdanderson.org/cancer-types/bone-cancer/bone-cancer-treatment.html