Brain cancer treatment depends on the type and stage of the disease. Age, health, and personal preferences are some of the factors to consider before making a treatment decision.

Treatment Options For Brain Cancer

It is vital to think carefully about the best treatment option that doctors will administer. It is also essential to consider the different options to compare the benefits against the possible side effects and risks.

Some of the standard treatment options for brain cancer include: (1)

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Intravesical therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Precision medicine

It is also important to have a team of specialized doctors in your cancer care before the commencement of any treatment. Furthermore, these doctors are specialists and will each oversee specific aspects of the treatment process.

Some of the specialists you may see include:

  • Radiation oncologists: Doctors who treat cancer with radiation therapy
  • Pediatric neurologists: Doctors who treat brain and nervous system diseases in children
  • Medical oncologists: Doctors who treat cancer with medicines which include chemotherapy and immunotherapy
  • Endocrinologist: Doctors who treat diseases in glands that secrete hormones

You might also consider having other specialists alongside your doctors during treatment. The care team may also include nurse practitioners (NPs), psychologists, physician assistants (Pas), rehabilitation specialists, social workers, nurses, nutrition specialists and other health professionals.

Standard Treatment Options For  Brain Cancer

Brain Surgery

Surgery is the primary brain cancer treatment option, and it is the best choice for brain cancer diagnosed at advanced stages. It is, however, less applicable if the disease has metastasized to the rest of the body or has attached itself to the body’s main blood vessels. Radical cystectomy which is the removal of the entire brain is also important in avoiding the spread of cancer. (2)

Radiotherapy Or Radiation Oncology

This treatment involves the use of high-energy rays to eliminate the cancerous cells. Furthermore, the most common type of this treatment is external-beam radiotherapy. Lastly, radiation Oncology consists of a specified number of procedures performed over a particular time frame.

Chemotherapy

This process utilizes anti-cancer medication which enters the circulatory blood system and spread to affected areas destroying cancerous cells by eliminating their ability to grow and spread.

Furthermore, the amount and type of treatment that a cancer patient will have depend on several elements. The kind of cancer diagnosed by the doctor or oncologist, the extent of cancer (stage) and the age of the patient combined with their overall health and personal preference. It is important to talk to the doctor or the health management team about all these issues before settling on a treatment decision. (3)

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy is a type of treatment that targets the changes in cancer cells that facilitate their growth, division, and spread. It is also one of the most shared and main types of cancer treatments along with surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. However, these are just some of the many treatment options available for cancer patients.

A detailed understanding of this procedures helps one make an informed decision on the right steps to make. A cancer treatment also relies on one’s current situation in that certain types of cancers will respond positively to particular methods of treatment. A person’s lifestyle and cancer’s location will also influence the best treatment plan.

Precision Medicine

Meanwhile, this treatment approach to a cancer care allows doctors to select treatments that are most likely to help the patient based on a genetic understanding of their disease.

Complementary And Alternative Treatments 

These are also a brain cancer treatment option. Additional methods can also be used alongside other treatments administered by the experts while alternative methods are used instead of the prescribed cancer treatment options.

It is also important to have team doctors who are specialized in different fields to get involved in your cancer care before the commencement of therapy.

References

CANCER RESEARCH UK. (n.d.). Retrieved July 21, 2017, from http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/brain-tumours/treatment

Cancer.Net. (n.d.). Retrieved July 21, 2017, from http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/brain-tumor/treatment-options

American Cancer Society. (n.d.). Retrieved July 21, 2017, from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/brain-spinal-cord-tumors-adults/treating.html

Cancer Treatment Centers of America. (n.d.). Retrieved July 21, 2017, from http://www.cancercenter.com/brain-cancer/diagnostics-and-treatments/tab/advanced-treatments/

National Brain Tumor Society. (n.d.). Retrieved July 21, 2017, from http://braintumor.org/brain-tumor-information/treatment-options/