Throat cancer survival rates and prognosis helps in identifying the right treatment that the doctor will administer to the patient with cancer. Furthermore, it helps in understanding the general outlook of the person.

What Are Throat Cancer Survival Rates

Survival rates contribute to knowing what percentage of people diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in the same stage and type of cancer are still alive. Furthermore, doctors use these figures as a standard way of determining one’s prognosis. (1)

Moreover, the survival rate is one of the most important factors that they need to consider when analyzing throat cancer prognosis. Experts also present the percentage values that represent a person’s probability of survival for the next five years. Physicians, therefore, base the survival rate of a patient on what type of cancer they have. (2)

The survival rates are expressed as a percentage, and they include:

Supraglottis (Part Of The Larynx That Is Located Above The Vocal Cords)

  • First Stage: 5-year survival rate is 59%
  • Second Stage: 5-year survival rate is 59%
  • Third Stage: 5-year survival rate is 53%
  • Fourth Stage: 5-year survival rate is 34%

Glottis (Part Of The Larynx Which Includes The Vocal Cords)

  • First Stage: 5-year survival rate is 90%
  • Second Stage: 5-year survival rate is 74%
  • Third Stage: 5-year survival rate is 56%
  • Fourth Stage: 5-year survival rate is 44%

Subglottis

  • First Stage: 5-year survival rate is 65%
  • Second Stage: 5-year survival rate is 56%
  • Third Stage: 5-year survival rate is 47%
  • Fourth Stage: 5-year survival rate is 32%

Hypopharynx

  • First Stage: 5-year survival rate is 53%
  • Second Stage: 5-year survival rate is 39%
  • Third Stage: 5-year survival rate is 36%
  • Fourth Stage: 5-year survival rate is 24%

Throat Cancer Prognosis

Prognosis involves staging of throat cancer and refers to the extent of the disease at the time when doctors made the diagnosis. Additionally, staging is an important factor when examining prognosis. Furthermore, it helps in choosing the best cancer treatment that the physician will administer to the patient. The staging system also helps the cancer care team to describe the extent to which the cancer has spread. (3)

It contains three key pieces which include:

  • T: Describes the size of the primary tumor and whether it has metastasized outside the throat
  • N: Illustrates the spread of the cancer to the nearby lymph nodes; which are immune system cells that cancer affects first.
  • M: This, on the other hand, describes whether the cancer has metastasized to other body organs

TNM Stage Grouping

The Tumor, Node, and Metastasis categories help determine the overall staging of the cancer. Stages start from stage 0 to stage IV and are at times alongside letters. Furthermore, they are named according to the area affected by the tumor and the size of the tumor. Some stages are further split into sub-stages which are indicated by letters.

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