How Is Colon Cancer Treated?

Colon cancer is not just a deadly disease; it is also often very traumatic for the patient and the people around him. The moment we hear the word cancer, we often jump back to our chairs fearing for the worst. However, decades of research and studies have been able to discover various treatment options that could help people with cancer increase their chance of survival.

The amount and type of therapy that a cancer patient will have depend on several elements. This factors may include the kind of cancer diagnosed by the doctor or oncologist, the stage of cancer and the age of the patient combined with their overall health and personal preference.

Listed below are some of the most common procedures taken for cancer:

Cancer Tissue Removal With Surgery

Also known as a colectomy, the method entails that the entire colon or a section of the affected colon accompanied by the surrounding area be removed. Furthermore, the surgeon cuts out the lymph nodes close to the affected tissues. This procedure makes sure that none of the cancer cells are left.

Depending on the level of the procedure, either a section of the colon will be reconnected to the rectum or joined to an opening in the abdominal wall referred to as a stoma. The colostomy is a method where the stoma will replace the functions of a rectum.

Waste will pass through the stoma and exit into a colostomy bag. Laparoscopic surgery is a treatment that involves the removal of rare polyps. Lastly, physicians use palliative medicine to alleviate pain in patients with advanced or incurable colon cancer cases.

Chemotherapy Treatment

This form of treatment interferes with the malignant cells breakdown process damaging their ability to replicate and spread. It targets the rapidly replicating cells regardless of whether or not they are cancerous.

Healthy cells often bounce back from the treatment while cancer cells die out. Chemotherapy treats metastasized cancer by spreading drugs harmful to cancer cells throughout the body. Some of the most common side effects of radiation therapy include loss of appetite, loss of hair, vomiting, and fatigue. (1)

Radiation Therapy

This type of treatment focuses high-energy radioactive beams on the malignant cells. The procedure then damages the cell molecules killing the cells. It can also effectively singularly to shrink tumors or supplemented with other treatment methods. Radiotherapy treatments rarely applied in the early stages of colon cancer.

However, doctors can use this procedure for early rectal cancer stages where cancer has invaded the rectum walls or nearby lymph nodes. Colon cancer is among the most common cancer types today. It is important to undergo annual medical checkups that include colon screening tests to increase early detection of cancer. (2)

Key takeaway

The most common and main types of cancer treatments are surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. However, these are just some of the many treatment options available for cancer patients.

A detailed understanding of this treatment helps one make an informed decision on the right steps to make. Additionally, cancer treatment relies on one’s current situation in that certain types of cancers will respond positively to particular methods of treatment. Finally, a person’s lifestyle and cancer’s location will also influence the best treatment plan.


Chemotherapy for Colorectal Cancer. (n.d.). Retrieved August 30, 2017, from American Cancer Society:

Radiation Therapy for Colorectal Cancer. (n.d.). Retrieved August 30, 2017, from American Cancer Society: