Causes Of Lymphoma Cancer

Just like other types of cancers the primary cause of lymphoma cancer is unknown. However, several factors are associated with the causes of lymphoma cancer, and these include: (1)

Changes In DNA

When the TP53 tumor suppressor gene is altered, it leads to the increased growth of abnormal cells which may be cancerous after an extended period.

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

This affects the DNA and genes. The genes affect the growth-regulating proteins of infected lymphoma cells. This kin cells can grow uncontrollably thus leading to lymphoma cancer

Exposure To Harmful Ultraviolet (UV) Rays

The UV rays damage the DNA of the lymphoma cell growth thus triggering off the growth lymphoma cancer. These rays come from the sun and tanning beds. Long-term exposure to UV rays increases the risk of developing lymphoma cancer.

Risk Factors For Lymphoma Cancer

You may have some of the risk factors that make you more likely to get lymphoma cancer. However, having any of the risk factors does not mean that you will have or develop cancer.

The risk factors associated with lymphoma cancer include: (2)

The Patient’s Age

It is the most important risk factor for lymphoma cancer. This is because the disease occurs in older people at a higher percentage as compared to younger people. People tend to develop cancer at around the age of 50s and 60s. However, it also occurs in young children though it is rare.

A Weakened Immune System

It is more shared and likely to occur in people infected with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) whose immune system is already weakened. It is also liable to happen in those who have had a transplant of an organ done to them.

Race And Gender

Most common types of lymphoma cancers are more common in African-Americans than in whites. It is also common in men than women. However, only a few pieces of research has been able to prove this idea. Hence, experts need to conduct more studies with regards to this topic.

Virus Infection

This primarily occurs in people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) a virus that is known to cause AIDS. It is the primary disease that increases the risk of lymphoma cancer. Research done by doctors shows that; infections with other viruses are up to some extent linked with lymphoma cancer, especially lymphoma of the lymphoma.

Exposure To Ultraviolet (UV) Rays

This is a major risk for most lymphoma cancers. Furthermore, the sun and tanning beds are the primary sources of UV rays. Furthermore, they also mark the kickoff lymphoma cancer.

Exposure To Certain Chemicals

Exposure to arsenic in large amounts increases the risk of developing lymphoma cancer. Workers who receive a daily dose of toxic chemicals such as coal tar and paraffin, in their places of work have a higher risk of lymphoma cancer.

Radiation Therapy

Those who have had radiation treatment have an increased risk of developing lymphoma cancer.

Smoking Habits

Those who smoke are more likely to develop squamous cell lymphoma cancer. However, this risk is not known for other types of lymphoma cancers.

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

This infection has more than 150 viruses which may cause papilloma or warts. These viruses that mostly affect the genitals and anal areas are also related to lymphoma cancers in the areas they occur.

Psoriasis Treatment

Psoralens and ultraviolet light (PUVA) treatments given to some patients with psoriasis can increase the risk of developing lymphoma cancer.

Previous Lymphoma Cancer

Those who have a history of past lymphoma cancer infection also have an increased danger of developing lymphoma cancer. (3)

Long-term Lymphoma Inflammation Or Injury

Some severe lymphoma inflammatory diseases are more likely to develop into lymphoma cancers. However, the risk is relatively small as compared to other risks of developing cancer.

References

Hodgkin Lymphoma. (n.d.). Retrieved September 21, 2017, from Lymphoma Research Foundation: http://www.lymphoma.org/site/pp.asp?c=bkLTKaOQLmK8E&b=6300137&gclid=EAIaIQobChMI4Orp9J621gIV1IpoCh27-AuqEAAYASAAEgLQqPD_BwE

Lymphoma Risk Factors. (n.d.). Retrieved September 21, 2017, from Roswell Park Cancer Insitute: https://www.roswellpark.org/cancer/lymphoma/risk-factors

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Risk Factors. (n.d.). Retrieved September 21, 2017, from American Cancer Society: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/non-hodgkin-lymphoma/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html