Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and WM lymphomas can cause several different symptoms. However, it may seem to be very hard to diagnose lymphoma cancer.
Swollen Lymph Nodes
Swollen lymph nodes or lymphadenothapy is the most common symptom of lymphoma cancer. These swellings are usually painless and are commonly present in the neck, groin or armpit area. Nevertheless, not all lymphomas may cause swelling.
Some of the characteristics of swollen lymph nodes are:
- Are round and moveable
- Can cause pain in nearby areas
- Can be intense when one takes alcohol
- Have a rubbery feeling
Fatigue may be as a result of exhaustion, but when it comes for no apparent reason or after a little work, then it may be the result of cancer. However, doctors are not entirely sure why lymphoma may cause fatigue among patients.
Excessive sweating or drenching during the evening can be a sign of lymphoma cancer. Furthermore, this type of sweating may also occur during the day. Nevertheless, night sweats may come as a result of a response to some of the abnormal hormones and proteins which are produced by the lymphoma cells. (1)
Itching a condition also known as pruritus without experiencing a rash may be as a result of lymphoma. This can worsen especially when the weather is hot. Itching is most common in Hodgkin lymphoma. The primary cause of itching in lymphomas is not known, but it is associated with chemicals called cytokines which are released by the immune system as it fights against lymphoma cells.
Unexplained Weight Loss
Drastic loss of weight within a brief period especially when one is not dieting may be as a result of cancer. This happens as a result of cancerous cells using up the body’s energy.
The condition pyrexia is the rise in the inside body temperature above the normal level. Lymphomas may cause mild illnesses due to infections. Lymphoma causes low-grade fevers because of:
- To try to warm up the body due to shivers
- Signals sent by thermostats to notify the body of the new temperature setting
- A release of chemicals into the bloodstream that raises the temperature
Shortness Of Breaths And Coughs
These can be symptoms of lymphoma when the cancer has invaded the lungs. However, these can also be associated with other illness especially diseases of the lungs. Lymphoma may lead to shortness of breath because of:
- The lymph nodes pressing on the lungs and blocking the airways
- Pleural effusion as a result of damage to the lymph nodes
- Anemia which hinders the transport of enough oxygen
This happens as a result of cancer metastasizing o the stomach. The lymphoma frequently develops in the gut outside the lymph nodes. It can lead to inflammation of the stomach lining a condition known as gastritis.
Seizures, Fits, And Headaches
These may be experienced as a result of cancer spreading to the brain. These may also be encountered with a feeling of dizziness, problems associated with sight, memory problems, numbness and weakness in the limbs. In others, the thinking process such as difficulty with concentration and recalling events may be altered. (2)
These tend to show on the skin. It is an advanced stage symptom of lymphoma cancer. It is a result of metastasis of cancer to the skin. They may be accompanied with flat red patches which resulted from itching and painless or painful lumps. Though when lymphoma spreads to the skin, it may resemble other types of skin infections like eczema or psoriasis. This is because lymphomas of the skin are usually of low grade.
Unexplained Appetite Loss
Abrupt and significant loss of appetite may be as a result of cancer in its advanced stages.