What Are The Survival Rates Of Ovarian Cancer?
Doctors use this as a way of examining one’s outlook (prognosis). A five-year survival rate is the percentage of patients who live for at least five years after diagnosis of cancer. Furthermore, experts usually base the survival rates of the previous outcomes of people who once had ovarian cancer. However, factors may affect it such as one’s general health, the grade of the cancer, how well one responds to treatment and the administered treatment. (1)
If doctors detect ovarian cancer and treat it before it metastasizes, the five-year survival rate is at 92%. However, if doctors find it challenging to detect ovarian cancer at an early stage, the five-year survival rate of ovarian cancer drops to 45%. Different types of ovarian cancer have a different relative five-year survival; it may also depend on the person’s age. (2)
What Is The Prognosis For Ovarian Cancer?
Staging is the process of finding out how widespread a disease is. Furthermore, it is mainly related to the stage of surgery; where the cancer is not necessarily present. Medical experts then examine these tissues under a microscope to learn more about it.
Staging is important for ovarian cancer because the disease has different cancer survival rates and prognosis at different stages and therefore treatment is administered differently. The staging helps to determine one’s health condition if cancer will be treated or not.
This type of cancer is commonly staged using FIGO system which relies entirely on surgery results to determine:
- T – Extent of the primary tumor
- N – Presence or absence of metastasis to nearby lymph nodes
- M – Presence or absence of distant metastasis
Ovarian Cancer Stages
Doctors also combine the T, N, and M of a person in a process they call stage grouping to determine the progress of cancer. Additionally, it is expressed in Roman numerals, and these steps include: (3)
- STAGE I: First of all, this is the stage in which the cancer is only in the ovaries or fallopian tubes. The cancerous cells have not metastasized to the organs and tissues of the pelvis, lymph nodes or other parts of the body.
- STAGE II: This is a stage in which the cancer is present in one or both ovaries or fallopian tubes and has metastasized to another organ. However, in this stage, the cancer cells have not yet spread to the lymph nodes.
- STAGE III: This is a stage where the cancer is in one or both ovaries or fallopian tubes. Cancer has either spread beyond the pelvis to the abdominal lining or cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen.
- STAGE IV: Lastly, this stage is the most advanced and developed stage of ovarian cancer. This is also where cancer has spread to other body organs or bodies outside the peritoneal cavity.