Surgical Procedures

  • Cryosurgery: the physician applies liquid nitrogen to the AK to freeze the tissue. Later, the lesion and surrounding frozen skin may blister or become crusted and fall off.
  • Curettage and desiccation: The physician scrapes or shaves off part or all of the lesion, then applies heat or a chemical agent to stop the bleeding and potentially kill any remaining AK cells.
  • Laser surgery: The physician, uses intense light to vaporize AK tissue.

Topical Treatment

If you have numerous or widespread actinic Keratoses, your doctor may prescribe a topical cream, gel or solution. The options include; Chemical peel, Diclofenac (Solaraze) and hyaluronic acid, 5-fluorouracil (Carac, Efudex, Fluoroplex), Ingenol mebutate (Picato) and Imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara)

Photodynamic Therapy

With this procedure, doctors apply a solution that makes the skin more sensitive to light. After a few hours, the treated surface receives visible light, such as blue or laser light. Then, the light activates the solution and destroys AKs. As the skin heals, new healthy skin appears.

Treatment For Squamous Cell Carcinoma

It’s the second most common skin cancer type. It is common in people with light skin, but can also develop in dark-skinned people. Squamous cell carcinoma looks like a scaly patch, a red firm bump or a healing sore that re-opens. (1)

SCC forms on the body skin that has had frequent exposure to the sun like the back, chest, neck, face, arms, rim of the ear and so on. This condition can grow and extend deeper inside the skin causing further disfigurement and damage. SCC can be treated or prevented by early diagnosis to stop it from spreading to the other body parts.

Surgery is typically the first option when treating this type of cancer. Often, surgery can be very effective as a treatment for SCC, and in some cases, it may be the only treatment that patients receive. If the doctor recommends it, radiation therapy is the second option.

Chemotherapy is an option for patients with squamous cell cancer that has spread to lymph nodes or distant organs. Sometimes it’s combined with surgery or radiation therapy

Most squamous cell skin cancers are found and treated at an early stage when they can be removed or destroyed with local treatment methods. Furthermore, these small squamous cell cancers are responsive to these treatments. Larger squamous cell cancers are harder to treat, and fast-growing tumors have a higher risk of coming back.

Treatment Of Basal Cell Carcinoma

Like the other types of skin cancer, BCC usually affects areas such as head, arms, neck, face, but can as well form in any other part of the body including legs, abdomen, and chest. It is important to seek an early diagnosis as a measure of treatment and prevention because when BCC starts. Lastly, it can invade the nearby tissue and further spread into the bones and nerves resulting in disfigurement and damage. (2)

Various types of treatment can be used to get rid of or destroy basal cell skin cancers. The procedures listed here can be efficient and reduces the possibility of the illness recurring to a range of 5 to 15 percent or higher, but it all depends on the size of the tumor. Small tumors are less likely to recur compared to larger ones. If a tumor does recur, it can often still be treated effectively.

The different types of surgery used for cancer treatment of basal cell cancers include:

  • Curettage
  • Electrodesiccation
  • Excision that involves cutting off cancer
  • Mohs surgery which has the best cure rate for this type of cancer

Radiotherapy: this is an option for individuals whose disease is untreatable by surgery especially for tumors in areas such as the nose, ears, and eyelids.

Cryotherapy: also called cryosurgery, cryotherapy is a possible option for treating small basal cell carcinomas, though not endorsed for larger tumors or those developed in areas like parts of the nose, legs, eyelids, ears or scalp.

Immune response modifiers, photodynamic therapy, or topical chemotherapy: These treatment options are for treatment and prevention of really superficial tumors or the tumors that have not grown too deeply into the skin.

Treatment For Melanoma

Melanoma is the most life-threatening form of skin cancer. It develops more frequently but sometimes appears as a sudden dark spot on the skin. Melanoma is more likely to enter the neighboring tissues and further spread to other body parts. For this form of skin cancer, early diagnosis is essential for prevention and treatment. (3)

The doctor will recommend a cancer treatment option for patients diagnosed with melanoma depending on the stage of the illness and its location in the body as well as the overall health of the patient. Stage IV melanomas are often hard to cure than Stage 0 or Stage 1. Stage IV melanoma is skin cancers that have already spread deep into the lymph nodes or any other areas of the body.

Radiation therapy can treat skin tumors or enlarged lymph nodes causing develop as symptoms or removed by surgery. Lastly, other prevention and control options for treating Stage IV of the Melanoma skin cancer are chemotherapy and immunotherapy.

References

NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE. (n.d.). Retrieved July 19, 2017, from https://www.cancer.gov/types/skin/patient/skin-treatment-pdq

SkinCancer.org. (n.d). Retrieved July 19, 2017, from http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/squamous-cell-carcinoma/scc-treatment-options

American Cancer Society. (n.d.). Retrieved July 19, 2017, from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/basal-and-squamous-cell-skin-cancer/treating.html

Cancer.Net. (n.d.). Retrieved July 19, 2017, from http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/skin-cancer-non-melanoma/treatment-options