Survival Rates Of Testicular Cancer
Doctors use survival rates as a way of discussing one’s outlook (prognosis). A five-year survival rate is the percentage of patients who lived for at least five years after diagnosis of cancer. The testicular cancer survival rates also depend on the previous outcomes of large numbers of people who at one point happened to have cancer.
However, this can change depending on one’s general health, the grade of cancer, how well one responds to the treatment doctors administered. However, these rates are estimates and only apply to first cases of cancer.
Relative survival rates: These are a more accurate way to estimate the effect of cancer on survival. It compares the men with testicular cancer to people in the overall population. Furthermore, the relative survival rates are expressed as a percentage. They are based on the stage of the disease. (1)
Summary steps are used by the SEER to break down statistics concerning the testicular cancer survival rates. These include:
- Localized: The cancer is only in the testicles and relates to stage I
- Regional: cancer has spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes and related to phase II and III.
- Distant: cancer has spread further and related to stage IVA and IVB.
The 5-year survival rates of these steps are:
- Localized stage: The 5-year relative survival rate is about 99%
- Regional stage: The 5-year relative survival rate is about 96%
- Distant stage: The 5-year relative survival rate is about 73%
Some other factors that may also affect the outlook of a patient include:
- The type of testicular cancer
- Levels of tumor markers after doctors remove the cancer
Staging Of Testicular Cancer
In the analysis of cancer survival rates and prognosis, staging is the process of finding out how widespread the disease. Furthermore, surgeons use it to determine what type of treatment they will apply to their patient. Lastly, doctors perform it by examining the location and the type of the cancer tissue.
Staging is essential for testicular cancer because it can determine different prognoses at the various stages and therefore doctors administer different treatments accordingly. It helps to determine one’s health condition to know if the cancer needs treatment or not.
This type of cancer is typically staged using FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) staging system. It also relies entirely on surgery results. The AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer), TNM staging system, involves three factors which include: (3)
- Tumor: This describes the extent of the primary tumor.
- Node: On the other hand, this pertains to the presence or absence of metastasis to nearby lymph nodes.
- Metastasis: Lastly, this refers to the presence or absence of distant metastasis.
The TNM staging of testicles cancer include:
Cancer has not spread to the nearby lymph nodes and nearby tissue.
Stage IA And IB
Cancer has not spread to the lymph nodes or nearby tissues. No single tumor has spread to the blood vessels and deeper testicles layers.
Stage IIA, IIB And IIC
There is a single tumor that has grown deeper into the testicles. Though, cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
Stage IIIA, IIIB, And IIIC
Cancer has not spread to the nearby lymph node or distant sites. However, cancer has spread to the blood vessels and deep down in the testicles. The cancer has also caused ulceration and thickness.
Cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Furthermore, it has spread to the nearby lymph nodes and distant sites. Lastly, it has spread beyond the original area of testicles.