Prostate Cancer is the cancer of the prostate glands. This disease only occurs in men due to the presence of their prostate organ which helps produce their semen. Additionally, the prostate is located in the bladder and the enclosed upper part of the urethra.
Prostate cancer starts when the prostate cells begin to multiply uncontrollably. In fact, cells in almost any part of the body can turn into cancer cells and spread to other areas of the body. Furthermore, the disease is a major health distress for the American men, and the condition rarely occurs before the age of 50. Additionally, older adults often already have traces of this ailment. (1)
Types of prostate cancer
The kind of prostate cancer you have depends on the kind of cell it started in. Knowing this and the stage of the disease can help you know how big it has grown and how far it has spread. Furthermore, it can also help your doctor know the type of treatment you need. (2)
Urothelial/transitional cell carcinomas: transitional cell prostate cancer begins in the cells lining the tube that carries urine from the urethra to outside the body. More often, this type of cancer will start in the bladder then spread into the entrance of the bladder and adjacent tissues. However, this type of cancer rarely develops in the prostate itself. Instead, the primary tumors come from the urethra or bladder.
Prostatic sarcomas: This type of cancer, on the other hand, is extremely rare. Experts believe that prostatic sarcoma often occurs in young men between 35 – 60 years old. Additionally, it is a tumor consisting of prostate cancer cell types that can develop in the lymphatic vessels, connective tissues and blood vessels that instigate from the smooth muscles of the prostate. (3)
Acinar adenocarcinoma: these are cancers originating from the gland cells that line the prostate gland. Adenocarcinomas are the most common prostate cancer type and are present in nearly everyone with the disease.
Ductal adenocarcinoma: this one starts in the cells lining the prostate gland ducts or tubes. Ductal adenocarcinoma grows faster and also spreads quicker than Acinar adenocarcinoma.
Squamous cell cancer: this type of prostate cancer develops from flat cells covering the prostate. It is non-glandular and doesn’t increase the levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). However, squamous cell cancer is aggressive and tends to grow faster and spreads more quickly than Ductal Adenocarcinoma.